Minecraft's enchantments add buffs to your tools, weapons, and armor. Enchantments do things like make fishing faster, increase your mining speed, or even add lightning damage to attacks.
In this Minecraft enchanting guide, we’ll walk you through building an enchanting table, getting better enchantments, and list some of the available enchantments.
Build an enchanting table
To enchant items, you’ll really only need an enchanting table, but a grindstone (2 sticks, 1 stone slab, 2 planks) and an anvil (3 blocks of iron, 4 iron ingots) will come in handy too.
An enchanting table requires one book, two diamonds, and four obsidian.
Books can be made from three paper (that you can craft from sugar cane) and one leather.
Diamonds are a little harder to come by. First, you’ll need (at least) an iron pickaxe. Then, you’ll have to dig down below level 15 or so (15 blocks above where stone becomes deepslate). Diamond gets even more common the lower you go, so 15 is the minimum depth, but closer to level -60 will be more productive.
Once you have some diamonds, craft a diamond pickaxe so you can gather obsidian. You might find obsidian on the surface in a ruined portal, or in caves where flowing water meets lava. It’s much easier, though, to make your own. If you have a steady supply of lava — like with a lava farm to generate infinite lava — place a bucket of lava in a hole and dump a bucket of water onto it. The lava becomes obsidian.
With all your resources gathered, make your enchanting table.
Enchanting items and enchantment level
To enchant an item, you’ll need the item you want to enchant and some lapis lazuli. Lapis lazuli is that blue-speckled ore that you find while mining. It’s most common right around level 0 where stone transitions to deepslate.
To enchant your tool, you’ll simply place it on the enchanting table in the left slot and place some lapis lazuli in the right slot. Three enchantment options will appear to the right. Applying one of the enchantments will cost 1 to 3 lapis lazuli and 1 to 3 player levels (that you earn from XP). The green number to the right side is the minimum level you need to unlock that enchantment, but doesn’t affect the cost.
The three enchantments that pop up depend on two things: your level (the green number at the bottom of the screen) and the enchantment level. You’ll increase your player level by collecting XP, which you can earn from doing things like killing mobs, mining ores, and smelting. Increasing the enchantment level requires bookshelves.
Placing a bookshelf (3 books, 6 planks) one block away from an enchanting table increases its enchanting level. Every bookshelf you add makes the enchanting table’s level a little higher, up to a total of 15. (Basically, this means that the more bookshelves you have, the better the enchantments will be.) There needs to be one space between the bookshelf and the enchanting table, and nothing can be in that space (not even a torch).
Getting different enchantments
The three enchantments that pop up when you use an enchanting table are pulled from a set list. There’s some randomness to it, so you’ll get better ones as your level increases or as you add and remove bookcases — but the list won’t change too much.
To get a new list for the table to randomly pull from, you’ll need to use one of the enchantments offered. Grab the cheapest one — it’ll always cost 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level — and apply it to something like a book or a random weapon. When you go back to the table, the list will be (mostly) new.
Removing and combining enchantments
Using a grindstone (2 sicks, 1 stone slab, 2 planks) will remove the enchantments from an item.
An anvil (3 blocks of iron, 4 iron ingots) allows you to combine enchantments from two items or apply an enchanted book to an item.
List of Minecraft enchantments
A list of enchantments that can be added to tools and armor using an Enchanting Table can be found below, courtesy of the Minecraft Wiki. For a full list of Enchantments, check out the Minecraft Wiki.
Minecraft Enchanting Table Enchantments
|Enchantment name||Effect||Compatible armor/tools|
|Enchantment name||Effect||Compatible armor/tools|
|Aqua Affinity||Increases underwater mining speed||Helmet, Turtle Shell|
|Bane of Arthropods||Increases damage and applies Slowness to spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites, and bees||Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)|
|Blast Protection||Reduces explosion damage and knockback||Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell|
|Channeling||Channels a bolt of lightning towards a hit target, only works during thunderstorms||Trident|
|Cleaving||Increases damage and shield stunning||Axe|
|Depth Strider||Increases underwater movement speed||Boots|
|Efficiency||Increases mining speed. Increases chances axes may stun a shield||Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe|
|Feather Falling||Reduces fall damage||Boots|
|Fire Aspect||Sets target on fire||Sword|
|Fire Protection||Reduces fire damage and burn time||Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell|
|Flame||Arrows set target on fire||Bow|
|Fortune||Increases certain block drops||Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe|
|Impaling||Deals addition damage to mobs that spawn in the ocean||Trident|
|Infinity||Shooting a bow consumes no regular arrows||Bow|
|Looting||Increases mob loot||Sword|
|Loyalty||Trident returns after being thrown||Trident|
|Luck of the Sea||Increases rate of good loot||Fishing Rod|
|Lure||Decreases time until rod gets a bite||Fishing Rod|
|Multishot||Shoots three arrows at the cost of one||Crossbow|
|Piercing||Arrows pass through multiple entities||Crossbow|
|Power||Increases arrow damage||Bow|
|Projectile Protection||Reduces projectile damage||Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell|
|Protection||Reduces most types of damage||Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell|
|Punch||Increases arrow knockback||Bow|
|Quick Charge||Decreases crossbow charging time||Crossbow|
|Respiration||Extends underwater breathing time||Helmet, Turtle Shell|
|Riptide||Trident launches player with itself when thrown, only works in water and rain||Trident|
|Sharpness||Increases damage||Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)|
|Silk Touch||Mined blocks drop themselves||Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe|
|Smite||Increases damage to undead mobs||Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)|
|Sweeping Edge (Java only)||Increases sweeping attack damage||Sword|
|Thorns||Reflects some of the damage taken when hit||Chestplate|
|Unbreaking||Increases item durability||Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell, Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Sword, Hoe, Fishing Rod, Bow, Trident, Crossbow|