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How to enchant your tools and armor in Minecraft

Time to upgrade

An Enchantment Table surrounded by Bookshelves and other tools in Minecraft Image: Microsoft/Mojang via Polygon

As you continue through Minecraft, you’ll want to upgrade your tools with enchantments, allowing them to be more efficient (among other upgrades).

To enchant tools, you’ll need to craft some specific equipment, as well as have some good luck. You’ll need at least an Enchanting Table (made from four Obsidian, two Diamonds, and one Book) and lots of mined Lapis Lazuli.

To enchant your tool, you’ll simply place it on the Enchanting Table in the left slot. Three enchantment options will appear, with higher level enchantments requiring a higher player level. You can only choose one from the three. The higher level enchantments will also require more Lapis Lazuli to apply them to your tool. The enchantments will also cost player levels to apply, so make sure you read the tooltip on the enchantments carefully.

The Enchant screen in Minecraft Image: Mojang/Microsoft via Polygon

Since there’s some randomness to what you get, if none of the enchantments you want appear, you can use a Grindstone (made from two Sticks, one Stone Slab, and two Planks) to remove the enchantments. The three enchantments that the Enchanting Table gives you are random, so you’ll likely have to reroll them a couple times to get what you want. To do this, pick the enchantment that costs the least amount of levels of the ones it offers, apply it to your tool, and then use the Grindstone to remove it.

For better enchanting, you’ll also need 15 Bookshelves (made from six Planks and three Books) and an Anvil (made from three Blocks of Iron and four Iron Ingots.) The Bookshelves will increase the level of the enchantments given when placed close to the Enchanting Table. The Anvil will allow you to combine enchanted tools together, allowing one tool to have multiple enchantments, in exchange for player levels.

You can also find Enchanted Books around the world to apply specific enchantments to your tools, but since it’s hard to find specific books, rolling enchantments randomly is easier, especially if you have a surplus of Lapis Lazuli and levels.

A list of enchantments can be added to tools and armor using an Enchanting Table can be found below, courtesy of the Minecraft Wiki. For a full list of Enchantments, check out the Minecraft Wiki.

Minecraft Enchanting Table Enchantments

Enchantment name Effect Compatible armor/tools
Enchantment name Effect Compatible armor/tools
Aqua Affinity Increases underwater mining speed Helmet, Turtle Shell
Bane of Arthropods Increases damage and applies Slowness to spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites, and bees Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)
Blast Protection Reduces explosion damage and knockback Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Channeling Channels a bolt of lightning towards a hit target, only works during thunderstorms Trident
Cleaving Increases damage and shield stunning Axe
Depth Strider Increases underwater movement speed Boots
Efficiency Increases mining speed. Increases chances axes may stun a shield Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe
Feather Falling Reduces fall damage Boots
Fire Aspect Sets target on fire Sword
Fire Protection Reduces fire damage and burn time Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Flame Arrows set target on fire Bow
Fortune Increases certain block drops Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe
Impaling Deals addition damage to mobs that spawn in the ocean Trident
Infinity Shooting a bow consumes no regular arrows Bow
Knockback Increases knockback Sword
Looting Increases mob loot Sword
Loyalty Trident returns after being thrown Trident
Luck of the Sea Increases rate of good loot Fishing Rod
Lure Decreases time until rod gets a bite Fishing Rod
Multishot Shoots three arrows at the cost of one Crossbow
Piercing Arrows pass through multiple entities Crossbow
Power Increases arrow damage Bow
Projectile Protection Reduces projectile damage Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Protection Reduces most types of damage Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Punch Increases arrow knockback Bow
Quick Charge Decreases crossbow charging time Crossbow
Respiration Extends underwater breathing time Helmet, Turtle Shell
Riptide Trident launches player with itself when thrown, only works in water and rain Trident
Sharpness Increases damage Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)
Silk Touch Mined blocks drop themselves Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Hoe
Smite Increases damage to undead mobs Sword, Axe (Bedrock only)
Sweeping Edge (Java only) Increases sweeping attack damage Sword
Thorns Reflects some of the damage taken when hit Chestplate
Unbreaking Increases item durability Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell, Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Sword, Hoe, Fishing Rod, Bow, Trident, Crossbow